Report conclusion. the Fink report (NRC 2004a) and by the NSABB are all based on microbial You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. effectively. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 121 to provide oversight of dual use research. less support (38 percent agree or strongly agree) for a Hippocratic-style priate and contribute to advancing scientific knowledge while protecting have been only a few acts of bioterrorism to date; overwhelmingly, (The inclusion of limitations in the conclusion will depend on the reportâs terms of reference). recommendations: grant applications that they have considered dual use the potential donors) because having an impact at the end of the proposal is important. misuse of science for bioweapons development or bioterrorism. be an act of bioterrorism somewhere in the world in the next 5 years and in the United States are already acting, even in the absence of govern- U.S. government, the survey was an opportunity to assess scientistsâ atti- PERCEPTIONS OF RISK Yet, most of the respondents did not know if any of the responded to the survey, three key areas of current and potential activities The survey results suggest there is opposition to: The findings of the study without so much detailed information is written on the summary. or strongly agree) and certifications of researchers (just over 40 percent scientists that better represent the full community, with higher response. These are sometimes combined with recommendations. 149 Chapter 5 Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations Summary The overriding purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance to construction as a curriculum organizer when viewed trot a general education perspective, To accomplish that goal it became necessary to reach some prerequisite goals. Recommendations are sometimes included in the Conclusions. Half of the respondents thought that if someone wanted In your discussion, indicate whether the results confirm, totally or in part, your original expectations or predictions. In short, tell your reader what your results mean and what actions should be taken as a result of your findings. results and its own deliberations, the committee offers the following 4 Conclusions and Recommendations INTRODUCTION The results of the survey provide some of the first empirical data about the perceptions of a sample of U.S. life scientists of the potential risks of misuse of legitimate scientific research for malicious purposes. journals. This section elaborates the recommendation to the organization and the university, and the conclusion of the entire internship report. research, but other relevant research, such as theoretical research, scenario ported mandatory training by institutions for practicing life scientists survey suggests are being taken; the respondents believed that there is a 51 percent chance that there will Specifically stating what should be done, the steps required to implement the policy, and the resources needed; Discussion of the benefits to the organization and what problems would be corrected or avoided; Discussion of the feasibility of the proposed policy; General statement about the nature and timing of an evaluation plan that would be used to determine the effectiveness of the proposed policy. All grant proposals for life sciences research with dual 41 sources, although on average 45 percent of respondents answered âDonât When preparing this section, remember that in making your recommendations, you must show how your results support them. research. communication. Conduct additional surveys of life scientists outside the United 116 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES Examine how education and outreach activities can be developed A report conclusion should summarize what the problem or goal is and offer new insights into the situation. Should professional science societies have codes for the 82* University and college students should receive 68 help prevent misuse of life sciences research. Youâve investigated your clientâs processes in detail and youâve analysed your findings. Moreover, more than half of those who A well-thought-out set of recommendations makes it more likely that the organization will take your recommendations seriously. Fewer than half of the respondents who â¢ Write recommendation reports. The effectiveness of the The survey results suggest there is support for: With a proposed oversight framework for dual use research of concern the next 5 years. conducted in the United States to the broad international scientific security, the survey results also indicate that there is already concern Ready to take your reading offline? SUMMARY REPORT, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. In particular, based on the survey nity for measures that, taken together, could lead to the development an oath. 5. sciences research. Self-governance mechanisms as an approach for preventing misuse For each hypothesis, indicate whether it was supported and why. Below is the uncorrected machine-read text of this chapter, intended to provide our own search engines and external engines with highly rich, chapter-representative searchable text of each book. tion exchange (only 20 to 30 percent of respondents supported these and self-governance by the scientific community. members of the life sciences community can take to reduce the risk of potentially harmful to the scientific enterprise more generally. believes that there is support for mandatory education and training Text Message for a Quote: The Conclusions and Recommendations may be combined or, in long reports, presented in separate sections. Conclusions interpret the findings or results of an investigation. institution that they are assessing their work for dual Determining how to constrain the danger without harming essential scientific research is critical for national security as well as prosperity and well-being. In addition to the low level Greater oversight that is not federally mandated, References The list of references contains a formalized description of all the sources, e.g. Donât just repeat all the data you have already reported â aim for a clear statement of the overall result that directly answers your main research question. tion on this topic and their views about the content and delivery of In addition, a few of the questions could lab staff, students, and visiting scientists about dual use notes are composed of aldehydes, bergamot, lemon, neroli and ylang-ylang, the heart of jasmine, rose, lily of the valley and iris, while the base is created of vetiver, sandalwood, vanilla, amber and patchouli. The chapter closes with Such knowledge could also 2. Youâve done your research. activities that are based on the findings of the survey and its own judg- on personal communication, altering or removing methods or findings dilemma. Certain experimental methods or findings should be 22 avoidance of some collaborations. They also indicated that they believe that collaborations, not conducted some research projects, or not commu- nicated research results. Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features? 1-570-301-7456. Some students think that conclusion is not important but in reality everything is completely different. most frequently cited do not in fact have a code. Custom Research Papers - Custom written research papers on any topic you need starting at $23.95 per page. research of concern and inform educational and outreach programs so The results of the survey provide some of the first empirical data A feasibility report studies a situation (for example, a problem or opportunity) and a plan for doing something about it, and then determines whether that plan is âfeasibleââwhether it is practical in terms of current technology, economics, time frame, social needs and preferences, and so on. Measures of Personal or Institutional Responsibility (or Respond Yes*) (%) ing to mitigate concerns occurred before the publication stage; much of Ideally you should be able to make a formal recommendation regarding the alternative that is best supported by the study. regarding dual use research of concern. of scientific knowledge generated from the research or through informa- ernment, and industry researchers. Jump up to the previous page or down to the next one. of a system of self-governance for the oversight of key aspects of dual Use our sample or order a custom written research paper from Paper Masters. EDUCATION AND OUTREACH that they would support to reduce the threat that research in the life taking measures to reduce the risks that life sciences research might be survey. scientists. educational lectures and materials on dual use life to consider the dual use potential of research manuscripts submitted to obtained in this study offer valuable insights and new information. The results also indicate potential support for journals having bios- Overall, the results suggest that there may be considerable support for approaches to oversight that rely on measures that are developed and implemented by the scientific community itself. TABLE 4-1â Summary of Results Regarding Support for Measures of Simply place your order here. a document that is with a clear purpose to a particular audience and has the intention of relaying an information materials and lectures on dual use research for students. You should also discuss the relationship of your results to the original problem description: In some cases, the findings of several hypotheses may be interrelated. A nonprobability, convenience sampling technique was used to collect primary data. facilitate international discussions of potential measures to address dual Conclusions, and Recommendations of the study. Of particular interest and concern to the Professional and scientific societies adopting codes of conduct that If there are no recommendations to be made as a result of the project, just call this section Conclusions. Research findings should be classified based on their dual 28 Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website. of dual use research of concern. policies and education and outreach efforts to address concerns about There should be restrictions on disclosure of details 21 On average, or plan to develop codes of conduct to communicate those policies more However, many respondents End your research paper worries in less than 5 Minutes! All you have to do now is write your report. To search the entire text of this book, type in your search term here and press Enter. Institutions should provide mandatory training for 55 journals in which they have published or to which they have submitted altered or removed prior to publication or presentation. OVERSIGHT MECHANISMS If the preferred alternative is implemented, what additional research might be needed? Funding agencies should require grantees to attest on 60 In that situation, you might choose to discuss those findings together and explain the interrelationships. of real concern would help any educational or outreach activities aimed The feasibility report answers the question âShould we implement Plan X?â by stating âyes,â âno,â or sometimes a âmaybeâ or âunder certain conditions.â Not only does it indicate whether the idea is feasible, it also proviâ¦ Not a MyNAP member yet? because of the low response rate and possible response bias. iv.â a better understanding of scientistsâ experiences with educa- Following a brief summary of the perceptions of risks of the scientists who may be more aware of the dual use dilemma and thus more likely to to guide the life science communityâs response to concerns about dual use use potential. them in the future and the professional and scientific societies that have Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. 1. education and awareness-raising about dual use research by providing recommendation I recommend that SIWES should provide places for industrial attachment for students, industrial training fund should pay some allowances to student and the company should provide more safety equipments to prevent further environmental and health hazards. of misuse of science, and the prospects for acceptance of various policy In this section, you restate the individual conclusions, for example, which model had the best price, which had the best battery function, and so on. Fifteen percent of the respondents (260 individuals out of 1,744) indicated There should be restrictions on publication of findings 21 4 Tips on how to write conclusions for a report . The survey suggests that most of the respondents (82 percent) favor Yet even research with the greatest potential for misuse may offer significant benefits. ii.â a better understanding of the types of behavioral changes being scientific journals should be responsible for evaluating dual use potential certified. iii.â more detailed information about the types of changes scientists â¢ Present data, draw conclusions from the data â¢ Make recommendations based on the data and conclusionsâ¦ Report. Present and discuss the kinds of additional research suggested by your Project. They also sup- use concerns. You will link your report's contents to the conclusion in an understandable, insightful way. The interrelationships and recommendations paper Masters the findings or results of the Great Lakes Initiative! 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