That is exactly what happened; yet those who deny that Adam represented us in the Garden readily accept that Jesus represented us on the cross. He was the federal head for the whole human race, meaning he was the representative for all who would come after him. Finally, the present economy of things shall cease, the dead shall be raised, the living shall be changed, every human being shall be judged at Christ's bar for sins, not only against God as a moral ruler, but against himself as the mediatorial king, and sentence shall be passed upon each according to his works. v; Dick's Lect. Iren. Though this endurance was not the same with that which they would have endured in its spiritual results or in eternal duration, it was supposed to be infinite in value on account of the infinite dignity of his person. Theol. By his sufferings he has satisfied for their guilt, and by his perfect obedience to the law he has obtained for them a title to eternal life. Lect. They speak in the largest terms of the sufficiency of the work of Christ for the pardon of all sin, but regard it as limited in the purpose and design of God to such as are effectually called of the Spirit, and are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation (Princeton Theol. Men are indeed to believe, to be holy, and to persevere faithfully unto the end, but all this is supposed to be secured by the free grace of God in Christ.'. and Rev. of the Cov. viii and xii; Hill's Lect. Other principles, on which the author was more vulnerable, were introduced into the controversy; but the main features of his system soon obtained a remarkable degree of acceptance in all the Reformed churches of France, Switzerland, Holland, Scotland, and among the English Puritans. Discover the power of SwordSearcher: A complete Bible study package, with thousands of topical and encyclopedic entries all linked to verses, designed for meaningful Bible study. In his Synopsis of Theology, and especially of the Economy of the Covenants (1671), he, endeavored to show that all the details of the covenant of nature were fairly to be inferred from the idea of the divine image in man in connection with what- we know of the divine goodness, since that goodness would of course desire to bring man into the highest communion with itself; and Would not he satisfied with the prescriptions of a mere natural justice. Theol. See synonyms for federal theology noun (In Calvinist thought) theology organized around the idea of an Old Testament Covenant of Works and a New Testament Covenant of Grace. 1665), he comprises all the doctrines of the Christian religion under the two great categories of the covenants of nature and of grace. It is conceded that in the last day none will be condemned for any but their own personal sin, and yet it is contended that in the first sin all are rendered liable to both the sinfulness and the misery of the present state. ii, 48-52; Porter's Comp. The whole person of the Redeemer in both natures was subject to the law, and as such an obedience (at least in this special form of it) was not obligatory, but voluntary on his part, it became available for an infinite righteousness. It strays from biblical principles in regards to salvation, sanctification, and the role of the church. the doctrine, as stated by its advocates; (II.) On the other hand, some have contended that the covenant of redemption is that stricter arrangement according to which believers are delivered from all sin, while that of grace is that wider one according to which a sufficient atonement was provided for all men. Not that each person s-as judicially condemned to all these evils exclusively on account of the first sin, but such were the consequences which would certainly follow that act. Website HTML, editorial descriptions, and images ©2020 StudyLamp Software LLC. Dogm. This arbitrary assignment of the divine attributes, however, has never been acceptable. The ordinary idea of a covenant, which is that of a mutual compact between one or more parties, each bound to render some benefit to the other, is obviously excluded by the nature of the case. loc. They have supposed that God originally anticipated the temporary character of the covenant of works, and deter-mined upon another arrangement, by which a portion of mankind might be saved from the ruins of the apostasy. The Federal Vision and Reformed Theology. They are inconsistent. per. xliii; Barnes, ,On the Atonement, chap. Federal theology represents these requirements as being met in Christ, the second Adam, in whom a new race begins. Our First Federal Head “Death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, who is a type of Him who was to come” (v. 14). Obviously it was not left to an uncertainty whether his work would be in vain or not. on Theol. 1. Although this is one of the most scientific and highly esteemed of the Calvinistic confessions, and is the only one among the Continental confessions which is constructed expressly upon the basis of the federal system, its authority has never been acknowledged in France, and it was received by only five of the Swiss cantons (and there mainly through the support of the civil magistrates), and finally lost all public sanction within fifty years from its promulgation (Ebrard's Christ. English federal comes from the Latin noun foedus (stem foeder- ) “a formal agreement between states, peoples, or private persons, a league, treaty (of alliance or peace), a marriage compact.”. The aim of the promoters of Federal Vision Theology is to pursue a re-interpretation of the established teachings of Reformed theology. Throughout the history of the church, one of the most important topics found throughout the Bible, or, for that matter, the lives of the most well-known people of God, is the nature of true worship. Identifying FV theology is difficult because of the variety within its advocates. ii, c-f; Max Goebel, Gesch. Verse reference tagging and popups powered by VerseClick™. It is not denied that by these expressions he usually meant the Mosaic or Sinaitic dispensation, in distinction from the evangelical, but, it is thought that such a dispensation could be designated a covenant of works only because it was a republication of a moral law to be a rule of conduct, but not a covenant of life, for a particular nation. federal (adj.) Federal Theology Monday, May 23, 2011. He was constituted the representative of his race, and a limited period was assigned him in which the destiny of all was to be decided. I. Doctrine. ch. The result was a crude syncretism of an ideal or hypothetical Universalism with' a rigid and real Particularism. Such was the covenant of grace as formed in eternity. He simply acted in behalf of them, as a parent, or guardian, or agent often does. Elench. As the covenant of works was made with Adam and his posterity in him and led to the condemnation of his race, so the covenant of … As we read of some who were chosen in Christ before the foundation of the world, it has been inferred that there must have been in eternity an agreement or covenant between the persons of the sacred Trinity, according to which a seed was given to the Son to serve him, and that he became their surety to satisfy the claims of justice upon them, to give them a title to eternal life, and to bring them to everlasting glory. These had become familiar with the word in relation to Christ and his people, and with all the principles involved in a covenant with Adam. But confessedly all are not made partakers of salvation, and only a portion of men were eternally given to Christ by the Father. There is even a virtual implication of mutual consent and obligations, for on the one hand God graciously binds himself to the performance of certain engagements with the view of securing results that shall manifest his glory; and man freely consents when, with this understanding, he enters upon a course of obedience., Such a promise on God's part, suspended upon the performance of a condition on man's, is a covenant; The advocates of this system have usually made but two such covenants: viz. The reason that these gracious influences are not resisted they can only refer to the doctrine of free-will, and from the nature of the case they can give no farther account of it. Such an atonement is not merely hypothetical, but really opens the door of salvation to all men, who are supposed, even since the Fall, to possess all those faculties and powers which render them responsible for a compliance with the terms of salvation. And yet it is something more than a mere law or promise. That he had sufficient reasons without implying a want of benevolence they assert without hesitation. Post the Definition of federal theology to Facebook, Share the Definition of federal theology on Twitter. Federal Theology (Lat.faedus, a compact; adj. Find. It is sometimes distinguished from the covenant of redemption, in as much as the latter phrase may be confined to the arrangement in eternity between the persons of the Trinity, and the former to the engagement into which God enters in time with believers. 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